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Barcelona (The City of the Counts) is located on the northeast cost of the Iberian Peninsula facing the Mediterranean Sea. On a plateau at the mouths of the rivers Llobregat and Besos and is bounded by the west by the Serra de Collserola ridge. About (100mi) south of the border with the Pyrenees of France. Barcelona is peppered with small hills, Situated to the southeast is the escarpment of Montjuic which over looks the harbour this fortress a castle built in the 17th-18th centuries is now a museum and is home to several sporting venues, as well as being Barcelonas biggest park and gardens.
Barcelona is recognised as a global city because of its importance in finance, commerce, media, entertainment, arts and international trade. Barcelona has one of Europes principal Mediterranean ports and has Spains second largest airport the Barcelona International Airport which handles about 30 million passengers per year.
Founded as a Roman city, Barcelona became the capital of the Counts of Barcelona after merging with the Kingdom of Aragon. Barcelona is an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination and has a rich cultural heritage. The works of Antoni Gaudi and Luis Domenech I Montaner are architectural World Heritage Sites. Barcelona is generally a sunny city, some spells of fog and cloudy days are not rare. Sea fog is frequent in early spring when the first African air masses come in over the cold sea water.
Barcelona contains 68 municipal parks. 12 historic, 5 botanical, 45 urban and 6 forest parks. The Ciutadella Park situated in the place of the old military citadel houses the Parliament building, the zoo and several museums. Barcelona has 7 beaches sant sebastia and Barceloneta are the largest oldest and most frequented. The Olympic port separates them from the other city beaches: Nova Icaria, Bogatell, Mar Bella, Nova Mar Bella and Llevant these were beaches reconstructed for the 1992 summer Olympics.